What is Orofacial Myofunctional Therapy(OMT)?
OMT is the “neuromuscular re-education or re-patterning of the orofacial muscles.” This therapy includes facial and tongue exercises and behavior modification techniques to promote proper tongue position, improved breathing, chewing, and swallowing.
Orofacial Myofunctional Disorders (OMDs) are disorders of the muscles and functions of the face and mouth. OMDs can affect, directly and/or indirectly, breastfeeding, facial skeletal growth, and development, chewing, swallowing, speech, occlusion, TMJ movement, dental hygiene, the stability of orthodontic treatment, facial aesthetics, and more.
Most OMDs originate with insufficient habitual nasal breathing or with oral breathing. The subsequent adaptation of the muscles and the oral and facial functions to a disordered breathing pattern creates many OMDs.
Orofacial Myofunctional Disorders can impact treatments by orthodontists, dentists, dental hygienists, speech-language therapist and other professionals working in the orofacial area.